At the end of 2020, the
National Statistical Office will provide the unemployment statistics using the new method, Gogita Todradze, executive director of the
National Statistics Service of Georgia 'Sakstat' , says noting that it will significantly change the official unemployment rate.
“It is very important to define
who will be considered unemployed. Today
an unemployed person is a citizen over 15 years old who at the time of the survey did not work a
single hour for at least a week but is looking for work, and is ready to start
working within two weeks if there is such a chance. According to this method,
the unemployment rate in Georgia is 12.7%,” he says.
In Gogita Todradze’s
words, 3 million people of working age currently live in Georgia which includes
two categories - the economically active
population or labor force (1, 940 million
people) and the rest 1, 090 million.
“The economically active
population includes both the employed
and the unemployed. In turn, the employed are divided into contract employees and self-employed- taxi drivers, farmers, merchants, etc.
Currently, the number of employed totals 1.7 million people, unemployed - 245,000
that is 12.7% of the active population, ” Todradze notes.
The Statistical Office is primarily interested in changing the methodology.
“International standards changed in October 2018. According
to the new methodology, those who grow food mainly on their own land for
their own use will not be considered employed. Today they are considered employed,
while according to the new methodology they will be included into the category of unemployed. It’s clear
that this norm will increase both the number of unemployed and unemployment
rate, ”Gogita Todradze says.